Difference between revisions of "Annonaceae"

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(New page: {{Returntotable}} Annoncaceae '''Description:''' The Annonaceae are mainly trees, with a few lianas. They have simple, alternate, entire leaves with no st...)
 
 
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{{Familynav|[[Anacardiaceae]]|[[Plant Family List]]|[[Apocynaceae]]}}
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===Soursop Family===
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[[Image: Annonaceae.jpg|thumb|right|300px|''Cymbopetalum costaricense'' (Donn. Sm.) Saff., an understory tree in the Annonaceae. Note the distichous leaf arrangement and the conduplicate young leaf. ''Un árbol del subdosel. Note las hojas dísticas y la hoja joven conduplicada.'']]
  
[[Image: Annonaceae.jpg|200px|Annoncaceae]]
 
  
 
'''Description:''' The Annonaceae are mainly trees, with a few lianas. They have simple, alternate, entire leaves with no stipules. In almost all species here, the leaves are distichous (borne in one plane), and the young leaves are conduplicate (i.e., folded in half lengthwise). The crushed leaves have a strong odor, which varies from fruity to unpleasantly sour. The bark is very strong, often peeling down the trunk when you attempt to remove a twig. The underside of the bark has a netted pattern, also visible in the wood, and the stem cross section has abundant rays, resembling a bicycle wheel.
 
'''Description:''' The Annonaceae are mainly trees, with a few lianas. They have simple, alternate, entire leaves with no stipules. In almost all species here, the leaves are distichous (borne in one plane), and the young leaves are conduplicate (i.e., folded in half lengthwise). The crushed leaves have a strong odor, which varies from fruity to unpleasantly sour. The bark is very strong, often peeling down the trunk when you attempt to remove a twig. The underside of the bark has a netted pattern, also visible in the wood, and the stem cross section has abundant rays, resembling a bicycle wheel.
  
'''Economic uses:''' Native people of the Amazon and Central America often use Annonaceae bark for twine because of its strength and flexibility. Some Annonaceae species are widely cultivated in the tropics for their fruit: cherimoya (Annona cherimola), guanábana or soursop (Annona muricata), and several other local varieties. An Annonaceae fruit that grows wild in the mountains of the southeastern U.S., the pawpaw (Asimina triloba) is considered a delicacy. The flowers of Cananga odorata are a main ingredient in Chanel No. 5.  
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'''Economic uses:''' Native people of the Amazon and Central America often use Annonaceae bark for twine because of its strength and flexibility. Some Annonaceae species are widely cultivated in the tropics for their fruit: cherimoya (''Annona cherimola''), guanábana or soursop (''Annona muricata''), and several other local varieties. An Annonaceae fruit that grows wild in the mountains of the southeastern U.S., the pawpaw (''Asimina triloba'') is considered a delicacy. The flowers of ''Cananga odorata'' are a main ingredient in Chanel No. 5.  
  
  
 
'''Descripción:''' las annonaceas son principalmente árboles, aunque tambien hay algunas especies que crecen como bejucos. Tienen hojas simples, alternas, y enteras, sin estípulas. Casi todas las especies aquí tienen hojas dísticas (en un sólo plano), y las hojas jóvenes son conduplicadas (dobladas longitudinalmente). Las hojas estrujadas tienen un olor fuerte a frutas, a veces dulce y a veces agrio. La corteza es muy fuerte, y se desprende de la rama en tiras en lugar de romperse. El envés de la corteza lleva un patrón similar a una red, y la rama cortada transversalmente revela rayos radiando del centro como en una rueda de bicicleta.
 
'''Descripción:''' las annonaceas son principalmente árboles, aunque tambien hay algunas especies que crecen como bejucos. Tienen hojas simples, alternas, y enteras, sin estípulas. Casi todas las especies aquí tienen hojas dísticas (en un sólo plano), y las hojas jóvenes son conduplicadas (dobladas longitudinalmente). Las hojas estrujadas tienen un olor fuerte a frutas, a veces dulce y a veces agrio. La corteza es muy fuerte, y se desprende de la rama en tiras en lugar de romperse. El envés de la corteza lleva un patrón similar a una red, y la rama cortada transversalmente revela rayos radiando del centro como en una rueda de bicicleta.
  
'''Usos económicos:''' Indios del Amazonas y de Centroamérica usan la corteza de annonaceas para fabricar cuerda, debido a su fortaleza y flexibilidad. Algunas especies de annonaceas son cultivadas ampliamente: la anona o chirimoya (Annona cherimola), la guanábana (Annona muricata), y otras variedades. En las montañas del sureste de los Estados Unidos, crece la “pawpaw” (Asimina triloba), una fruta silvestre que se considera deliciosa. Las flores de Cananga odorata (ylang-ylang) se usan para elaborar el perfume Chanel No. 5.
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'''Usos económicos:''' Indios del Amazonas y de Centroamérica usan la corteza de annonaceas para fabricar cuerda, debido a su fortaleza y flexibilidad. Algunas especies de annonaceas son cultivadas ampliamente: la anona o chirimoya (''Annona cherimola''), la guanábana (''Annona muricata''), y otras variedades. En las montañas del sureste de los Estados Unidos, crece la “pawpaw” (''Asimina triloba''), una fruta silvestre que se considera deliciosa. Las flores de ''Cananga odorata'' (ylang-ylang) se usan para elaborar el perfume Chanel No. 5.
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'''Genera/species at La Selva:''' 10/20 (all shrubs and trees/ todos árboles o arbustos): ''Anaxagorea'' (2), ''Annona'' (3), ''Cananga'' (1), ''Cymbopetalum'' (2), ''Desmopsis'' (2), ''Guatteria'' (3), ''Rollinia'' (2), ''Sapranthus'' (1), ''Unonopsis'' (2), ''Xylopia'' (2).
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'''FIELD MARKS''' – alternate, simple leaves, '''distichous (leaves in two ranks)''', young leaves conduplicate (folded), '''“ranalean” odor, bark peels in long strings''', threadlike vascular bundles visible in live bark, aggregate fruit or free fruitlets.
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{|cellpadding="10" cellspacing="0" border="0" width="800"
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! [[Image:IMG_0824b.jpg|thumb|center|300px|Annonaceae with alternate leaves in two ranks and stringy bark.]]
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! [[Image:Annonaceae_?_1.jpg|thumb|center|300px|Distichous (2-ranked) leaf arrangement.]]
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! [[Image:Anaxagorea_crassipetala_2010_1.JPG|thumb|center|300px|''Anaxagorea crassipetala'' with alternate distichous leaves. Rusty (ferruginous) coloration on young twigs is characteristic of the species.]]
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! [[Image:Anaxogorea_crasipelata_3_2011.jpg|thumb|center|300px|''Anaxogorea'' showing alternate leaves and rusty coating on young twigs.  Note how the youngest leaves are folded and the next youngest are lighter in color than mature leaves.]]
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! [[Image:Cymbopetalum_torulosum_2010_1.jpg|thumb|center|300px|''Cymbopetalum torulosum'' with alternate distichous leaves on short petioles and a cluster of fruits originating from a single flower (apocarpous gynoecium).]]
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! [[Image:Guatteria amplifolia 2010 31.jpg|thumb|center|300px|''Guatteria amplifolia'' grows as a small tree to 12 m tall.]]
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! [[Image:Guatteria amplifolia 2010 211.jpg|thumb|center|300px|''Guatteria amplifolia'' branch tip with alternate distichous leaves with looped veins, folded (conduplicate) young leaf, and green stem.]]
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! [[Image:Guatteria_amplifolia_2010_3.jpg|thumb|center|300px|''Guatteria amplifolia'' branch bearing alternate distichous leaves and yellow flowers.]]
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! [[Image:Guatteria_amplifolia_fl_2010_1.jpg|thumb|center|300px|''Guatteria'' with characteristic 3-plan to the flowers.]]
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! [[Image:Guatteria_amplifolia_fr_2010_2.jpg|thumb|center|300px|''Guatteria amplifolia'' bears clusters of small fruit with red stalks.]]
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|-
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! [[Image:IMG_0756bb.jpg|thumb|center|300px|''Rollinia pittieri''.]]
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! [[Image:IMG_0827b.jpg|thumb|center|300px|Aggregate fruit and old flower parts of Annonaceae.]]
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[[Category:RainforestPlants]][[Category:Magnoliids]]
 
[[Category:RainforestPlants]][[Category:Magnoliids]]

Latest revision as of 02:25, 26 January 2015

How to Examine a PlantPlant Family ListKey to Plant FamiliesTop Ten ListsThe MatrixNavigation Bar.jpg
< < Previous family: Anacardiaceae
Next family: Apocynaceae > >

Soursop Family

Cymbopetalum costaricense (Donn. Sm.) Saff., an understory tree in the Annonaceae. Note the distichous leaf arrangement and the conduplicate young leaf. Un árbol del subdosel. Note las hojas dísticas y la hoja joven conduplicada.


Description: The Annonaceae are mainly trees, with a few lianas. They have simple, alternate, entire leaves with no stipules. In almost all species here, the leaves are distichous (borne in one plane), and the young leaves are conduplicate (i.e., folded in half lengthwise). The crushed leaves have a strong odor, which varies from fruity to unpleasantly sour. The bark is very strong, often peeling down the trunk when you attempt to remove a twig. The underside of the bark has a netted pattern, also visible in the wood, and the stem cross section has abundant rays, resembling a bicycle wheel.

Economic uses: Native people of the Amazon and Central America often use Annonaceae bark for twine because of its strength and flexibility. Some Annonaceae species are widely cultivated in the tropics for their fruit: cherimoya (Annona cherimola), guanábana or soursop (Annona muricata), and several other local varieties. An Annonaceae fruit that grows wild in the mountains of the southeastern U.S., the pawpaw (Asimina triloba) is considered a delicacy. The flowers of Cananga odorata are a main ingredient in Chanel No. 5.


Descripción: las annonaceas son principalmente árboles, aunque tambien hay algunas especies que crecen como bejucos. Tienen hojas simples, alternas, y enteras, sin estípulas. Casi todas las especies aquí tienen hojas dísticas (en un sólo plano), y las hojas jóvenes son conduplicadas (dobladas longitudinalmente). Las hojas estrujadas tienen un olor fuerte a frutas, a veces dulce y a veces agrio. La corteza es muy fuerte, y se desprende de la rama en tiras en lugar de romperse. El envés de la corteza lleva un patrón similar a una red, y la rama cortada transversalmente revela rayos radiando del centro como en una rueda de bicicleta.

Usos económicos: Indios del Amazonas y de Centroamérica usan la corteza de annonaceas para fabricar cuerda, debido a su fortaleza y flexibilidad. Algunas especies de annonaceas son cultivadas ampliamente: la anona o chirimoya (Annona cherimola), la guanábana (Annona muricata), y otras variedades. En las montañas del sureste de los Estados Unidos, crece la “pawpaw” (Asimina triloba), una fruta silvestre que se considera deliciosa. Las flores de Cananga odorata (ylang-ylang) se usan para elaborar el perfume Chanel No. 5.


Genera/species at La Selva: 10/20 (all shrubs and trees/ todos árboles o arbustos): Anaxagorea (2), Annona (3), Cananga (1), Cymbopetalum (2), Desmopsis (2), Guatteria (3), Rollinia (2), Sapranthus (1), Unonopsis (2), Xylopia (2).


FIELD MARKS – alternate, simple leaves, distichous (leaves in two ranks), young leaves conduplicate (folded), “ranalean” odor, bark peels in long strings, threadlike vascular bundles visible in live bark, aggregate fruit or free fruitlets.


Annonaceae with alternate leaves in two ranks and stringy bark.
Distichous (2-ranked) leaf arrangement.
Anaxagorea crassipetala with alternate distichous leaves. Rusty (ferruginous) coloration on young twigs is characteristic of the species.
Anaxogorea showing alternate leaves and rusty coating on young twigs. Note how the youngest leaves are folded and the next youngest are lighter in color than mature leaves.
Cymbopetalum torulosum with alternate distichous leaves on short petioles and a cluster of fruits originating from a single flower (apocarpous gynoecium).
Guatteria amplifolia grows as a small tree to 12 m tall.
Guatteria amplifolia branch tip with alternate distichous leaves with looped veins, folded (conduplicate) young leaf, and green stem.
Guatteria amplifolia branch bearing alternate distichous leaves and yellow flowers.
Guatteria with characteristic 3-plan to the flowers.
Guatteria amplifolia bears clusters of small fruit with red stalks.
Rollinia pittieri.
Aggregate fruit and old flower parts of Annonaceae.


< < Previous family: Anacardiaceae
Next family: Apocynaceae > >
How to Examine a PlantPlant Family ListKey to Plant FamiliesTop Ten ListsThe MatrixNavigation Bar.jpg