Difference between revisions of "Chrysobalanaceae"

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(Cocoa Plum Family)
(Cocoa Plum Family)
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! [[Image:Hirtella_2010_1.jpg|thumb|center|200px|''Hirtella'' stem with alternate simple leaves and fruits.]]
 
! [[Image:couepia_polyandra_Agiular.jpg|thumb|center|300px|''Couepia polyandra'' with distichous alternate leaves. Photo by R. Aguilar courtesy of La Flora Digital de la Selva.]]
 
! [[Image:couepia_polyandra_Agiular.jpg|thumb|center|300px|''Couepia polyandra'' with distichous alternate leaves. Photo by R. Aguilar courtesy of La Flora Digital de la Selva.]]
! [[Image:Hirtella_2010_1.jpg|thumb|center|200px|''Hirtella'' stem with alternate simple leaves and fruits.]]
 
 
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Revision as of 18:52, 30 March 2012

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Cocoa Plum Family

Licania platypus (Hemsl.) Fritsch, a tree in the Chrysobalanaceae. Note the regular shape, spacing, and venation of the leaves. Un árbol. Note que la forma, posición, y nervación de las hojas son muy regulares.


Description: A family of trees or shrubs, with simple, alternate, entire leaves, elongated triangular stipules, and usually pale lenticillate twigs. Almost all the Chrysobalanaceae have a distichous leaf arrangement, and the very regular leaf size and arrangement gives the branches an orderly look. They might be confused with Annonaceae, but Chrysobalanaceae have stipules and lack a primitive odor. Another possible confusion is with Flacourtiaceae, particularly the genus Casearia, but Chrysobalanaceae always have entire leaf margins.

Economic uses: Some Chrysobalanaceae species are used for timber, but the wood is not very durable. The fruit of Licania platypus, called sansapote in Costa Rica, is eaten but not highly valued.


Descripción: Una familia de árboles o arbustos con hojas simples, alternas, y enteras, estípulas largas y triangulares, y usualmente con ramas pálidas y lenticeladas. Casi todas las Chrysobalanaceas tienen hojas dísticas, y el tamaño y organización de sus hojas, que es muy regular, le da a la planta una apariencia ordenada. La familia se puede confundir con las Annonaceas, pero las Chrysobalanaceas tienen estípulas y carecen de olor primitivo. También se puede confundirlas con las Flacourtiaceas, especialmente el genero Casearia, pero las Chrysobalanaceas siempre tienen las márgenes enteras.

Usos económicos: Hay Chrysobalanaceas maderables, pero la madera no es muy resistente. El sansapote, un fruto comestible pero de no muy buen sabor, es producido por la especie Licania platypus.


Genera/species at La Selva: 4/8: Couepia (1), Hirtella (2), Licania (4), Maranthes (1).


Hirtella stem with alternate simple leaves and fruits.
Couepia polyandra with distichous alternate leaves. Photo by R. Aguilar courtesy of La Flora Digital de la Selva.


< < Previous family: Cecropiaceae
Next family: Clusiaceae > >
How to Examine a PlantPlant Family ListKey to Plant FamiliesTop Ten ListsThe MatrixNavigation Bar.jpg