Difference between revisions of "Fabaceae: Papilionoideae"

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{{Familynav|[[Fabaceae: Mimosoideae]]|[[Plant Family List]]|[[Flacourtiaceae]]}}
 
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===Pea Family – Papilionoid Subfamily===
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===Pea Family ===
  
 
''For additional information see [[Fabaceae]].''
 
''For additional information see [[Fabaceae]].''
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! [[Image:IMG_0821b.jpg|thumb|center|300px|Canopy emergent ''Dipteryx'' trees in bloom (July at the edge of the pineapple plantation at Coopesanjuan).]]
 
! [[Image:IMG_0821b.jpg|thumb|center|300px|Canopy emergent ''Dipteryx'' trees in bloom (July at the edge of the pineapple plantation at Coopesanjuan).]]
 
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! [[Image:IMG_0900b.jpg|thumb|center|300px|Close-up of ''Dipteryx'' flower. The larger light pink petaloid “wings” are actually sepals.]]
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! [[Image:IMG_0900b.jpg|thumb|center|300px|Close-up of ''Dipteryx'' flower.]]
! [[Image:Dipteryx_fls_2014_1.jpg|thumb|center|200px|Forest path strewn with fallen ''Dipteryx'' flowers.]]
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! [[Image:IMG_0923b.jpg|thumb|center|200px|Forest path strewn with fallen ''Dipteryx'' flowers.]]
 
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! [[Image:IMG_0886b.jpg|thumb|center|200px|''Dipteryx'' bark peels in plates and leaves behind scars.]]
 
! [[Image:IMG_0886b.jpg|thumb|center|200px|''Dipteryx'' bark peels in plates and leaves behind scars.]]
! [[Image:Dipteryx_fr_2.JPG|thumb|center|300px|Partially eaten fruits of ''Dipteryx''.  This species is fed upon by Great Green Macaws.Fallen fruits are eaten by agoutis.]]
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! [[Image:Scott and Dipteryx 1.jpg|thumb|center|300px|Professor Shumway at the base of a large ''Dipteryx'' tree.]]
 
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! [[Image:Dipteryx_leaf_2010_1.jpg|thumb|center|300px|''Dipteryx'' leaf showing slightly winged rachisNote how the leaflets are asymmetrical with respect to the midvein, somewhat like bird feathers.]]
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! [[Image:Dipteryx_fr_2.JPG|thumb|center|300px|Partially eaten fruits of ''Dipteryx''.  This species is fed upon by Great Green Macaws.]]
! [[Image:Dipteryx_Carrie_2013_1.jpg|thumb|center|300px|Large ''Dipteryx'' leaf with an average-sized Wheaton student for scale.]]
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! [[Image:Dipteryx_leaf_1.jpg|thumb|center|300px|''Dipteryx'' leaf showing slightly winged rachis and leaflets that are asymmetrical with respect to the midvein.]]
 
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! [[Image:Dipteryx_trunk_2014_01.jpg|thumb|center|300px|''Dipteryx'' trunk showing buttresses and yellowish bark.]]
 
! [[Image:Dipteryx_trunk_2014_3.jpg|thumb|center|300px|Looking up the trunk of a large ''Dipteryx'' tree.]]
 
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'''''Other species of Papilionoideae.'''''
 
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! [[Image:Mucuna_holtonii.jpg|thumb|center|200px|''Mucuna holtonii'' is a climbing vine with fruits that seem to drop from the treetops and hang in mid-air.]]
 
! [[Image:Mucuna_holtonii.jpg|thumb|center|200px|''Mucuna holtonii'' is a climbing vine with fruits that seem to drop from the treetops and hang in mid-air.]]
! [[Image:Hymenolobium_Susan_2010_3.jpg|thumb|center|300px|The canopy emergent ''Hymenolobium mesoamericanum'' is one of the largest trees at La Selva.]]
 
 
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Latest revision as of 21:37, 5 November 2014

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< < Previous family: Fabaceae: Mimosoideae
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Pea Family

For additional information see Fabaceae.

Crotalaria mucronata Desv., an herbaceous papilionoid legume. Note the trifoliate leaves, the unique floral morphology, and the bean-like fruits. Una hierba. ote las hojas trifolioladas, las flores distintivas, y los frutos con la forma de vaina típica de los frijoles.


Description: All the imparipinnate legumes (i.e., those with a terminal leaflet) belong to this subfamily. There are also a number of trifoliate herbs, vines, and lianas, and one unifoliolate Swartzia species (S. simplex; its leaves can be distinguished from regular simple leaves by the winged, jointed petiole). The flowers of Papilionoid legumes are shaped like typical garden pea flowers, with the two lower petals fused into a keel and the upper petals flared out to the sides.

Economic uses: All our fabaceous vegetables—green beans, fava beans, peas, peanuts, etc.— come from this subfamily. Indigo, from several species of Indigofera, was once a valuable source of pigments.


Descripción: Todas las Fabaceas que son imparipinnadas (es decir, con un foliolo terminal) pertenecen a esta subfamilia. También hay muchas plantas trifolioladas (hierbas y bejucos), y una especie unifoliolada de Swartzia (S. simplex; se pueden distinguir las hojas unifolioladas de las hojas simples porque tienen los pecíolos alados y articulados). Las flores de las Papilionoideae tienen un pétalo superior grande llamado el estandarte, y los dos más inferiores están unidos envainando los estambres.

Usos económicos: Muchos vegetales—frijoles, habichuelas, lentejas, maní y más—pertenecen a esta subfamilia. La tinta índigo, obtenida de varias especies del género Indigofera fue alguna vez una fuente importante de pigmentos.


Genera/species at La Selva: 27/53: Herbs/ hierbas: Aeschynomene (3), Arachis (1), Crotalaria (3), Desmodium (5), Indigofera (1) Vines (not woody)/ bejucos no leñosos: Calopogonium (1), Canavalia (1), Centrosema (1), Pachyrhizus (1), Teramnus (1) Lianas/ bejucos leñosos: Dalbergia (4), Dioclea (1), Machaerium (3), Mucuna (1), Pueraria (1), Vigna (3) Trees/ árboles: Andira (1), Dipteryx (1), Dussia (3), Erythrina (3), Gliricidia (1), Hymenolobium (1), Lonchocarpus (3), Ormosia (2), Platymiscium (1), Pterocarpus (3), Swartzia (3)


FIELD MARKS – alternate, imparipinnate leaves (odd number of leaflets), petiolule thicker than rachis (best viewed toward tip of leaf), transverse lines on petiolule, green bean odor, pea flower consisting of a banner, 2 wings, and a keel of two petals fused at the tip and free at the base.


Dipteryx panamensis “almendro” – paripinnate leaves, extension of rachis at tip of leaf (mucro), leaflets uneven (like the vanes on a bird feather), winged rachis, pink flowers (summer), canopy emergent tree, bark peels in plates and leaves scars, fruits hard, preferred food and nest sites for Great Green Macaws.


Canopy emergent Dipteryx trees in bloom (July at the edge of the pineapple plantation at Coopesanjuan).
Canopy emergent Dipteryx trees in bloom (July at the edge of the pineapple plantation at Coopesanjuan).
Close-up of Dipteryx flower.
Forest path strewn with fallen Dipteryx flowers.
Dipteryx bark peels in plates and leaves behind scars.
Professor Shumway at the base of a large Dipteryx tree.
Partially eaten fruits of Dipteryx. This species is fed upon by Great Green Macaws.
Dipteryx leaf showing slightly winged rachis and leaflets that are asymmetrical with respect to the midvein.
Mucuna holtonii is a climbing vine with fruits that seem to drop from the treetops and hang in mid-air.


For additional information see Fabaceae.


Ecorefs:

  • Clark, D.A., Clark, D.B. Life history diversity of canopy and emergent trees in a tropical rain forest. Ecological Monographs 62 (1992): 315-44.


< < Previous family: Fabaceae: Mimosoideae
Next family: Flacourtiaceae > >
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