Difference between revisions of "Top Ten Lists"

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Top Ten Lists are provided for Flowering Plant Families, Genera, Trees, and Primary Forest.
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Top Ten Lists are provided for [[Top Ten Lists#Top Ten Families|Flowering Plant Families]], [[Top Ten Lists#Top Ten Genera|Genera]], [[Top Ten Lists#Top Ten Tree Families|Trees]], and [[Top Ten Lists#Primary Forest Trees|Forest Trees]].  
  
  
'''Top Ten Families''' – Flowering plant families containing the most species.
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====Top Ten Families====
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Flowering plant families containing the most species.
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[[Image:IMG_0936b.jpg|thumb|right|220px|The bamboo orchid, ''Arundina graminifolia'', of family Orchidaceae]]
  
 
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====Top Ten Genera====
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Flowering plant genera containing the most species
  
'''Top Ten Genera''' – Flowering plant genera containing the most species
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[[Image:IMG_0933b.jpg|thumb|right|200px|''Piper sancti-felicis'' (Piperaceae).]]
  
 
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'''Top Ten Tree Families''' – Families containing the most number of tree species.
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====Top Ten Tree Families====
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Families containing the most number of tree species.
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[[Image:Bauhinia.jpg|thumb|right|200px|''Bauhinia'' lianas at La Selva (Fabaceae).]]
  
 
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! Species
 
! Species
 
|-
 
|-
| Fabaceae
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| [[Fabaceae]]
 
| 41
 
| 41
 
|-
 
|-
| Lauraceae
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| [[Lauraceae]]
 
| 24
 
| 24
 
|-
 
|-
| Rubiaceae
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| [[Rubiaceae]]
 
| 22
 
| 22
 
|-
 
|-
| Euphorbiaceae
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| [[Euphorbiaceae]]
 
| 18
 
| 18
 
|-
 
|-
| Annonaceae
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| [[Annonaceae]]
 
| 16
 
| 16
 
|-
 
|-
| Mestomataceae
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| [[Melastomataceae]]
 
| 15
 
| 15
 
|-
 
|-
| Arecaceae
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| [[Arecaceae]]
 
| 13
 
| 13
 
|-
 
|-
| Moraceae
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| [[Moraceae]]
 
| 13
 
| 13
 
|-
 
|-
| Meliaceae
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| [[Meliaceae]]
 
| 10
 
| 10
 
|-
 
|-
| Sapotaceae
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| [[Sapotaceae]]
 
| 9
 
| 9
 
|}
 
|}
  
  
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====Primary Forest Trees====
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The three major primary forest landscapes at La Selva are rolling terrain (on residual soils formed by erosion of volcanic rock), old terrace (on alluvial soils deposited long ago on the floodplains of the major rivers), and swamp.
  
'''Primary Forest Trees''' - The three major primary forest landscapes at La Selva are rolling terrain (on residual soils formed by erosion of volcanic rock), old terrace (on alluvial soils deposited long ago on the floodplains of the major rivers), and swamp.
 
  
 
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! Primary Swamp Forest
 
! Primary Swamp Forest
 
|-
 
|-
| ''Pentaclethra macroloba'' [[Fabaceae: Mimosoideae]]
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| ''Pentaclethra macroloba''  
| ''Pentaclethra macroloba'' [[Fabaceae: Mimosoideae]]
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[[Fabaceae: Mimosoideae]]
| ''Pentaclethra macroloba'' [[Fabaceae: Mimosoideae]]
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| ''Pentaclethra macroloba''  
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[[Fabaceae: Mimosoideae]]
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| ''Pentaclethra macroloba''  
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[[Fabaceae: Mimosoideae]]
 
|-
 
|-
| ''Socratea exorrhiza'' [[Arecaceae]]
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| ''Socratea exorrhiza''  
| ''Welfia georgii'' [[Arecaceae]]
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[[Arecaceae]]
| ''Carapa nicaraguensis'' [[Meliaceae]]
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| ''Welfia georgii''  
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[[Arecaceae]]
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| ''Carapa nicaraguensis''  
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[[Meliaceae]]
 
|-
 
|-
| ''Welfia georgii'' [[Arecaceae]]
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| ''Welfia georgii''  
| ''Socratea exorrhiza'' [[Arecaceae]]
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[[Arecaceae]]
| ''Irartea deltoidea'' [[Arecaceae]]
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| ''Socratea exorrhiza''  
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[[Arecaceae]]
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| ''Irartea deltoidea''  
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[[Arecaceae]]
 
|-
 
|-
| ''Irartea deltoidea'' [[Arecaceae]]
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| ''Irartea deltoidea''  
| ''Protium panamense'' [[Burseraceae]]
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[[Arecaceae]]
| ''Pterocarpus officinalis'' [[Fabaceae: Papilionoideae]]
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| ''Protium panamense''  
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[[Burseraceae]]
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| ''Pterocarpus officinalis''  
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[[Fabaceae: Papilionoideae]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ''Protium pitteri''
 
| ''Protium pitteri''
 
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[[Burseraceae]]
[[Burseraceae]]
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| ''Warscewiczia coccinea''  
| ''Warscewiczia coccinea'' [[Rubiaceae]]
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[[Rubiaceae]]
| ''Welfia georgii'' [[Arecaceae]]
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| ''Welfia georgii''  
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[[Arecaceae]]
 
|-
 
|-
| ''Warscewiczia coccinea'' [[Rubiaceae]]
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| ''Warscewiczia coccinea''  
| ''Laetia procera'' [[Flacourtiaceae]]
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[[Rubiaceae]]
| ''Astrocaryum alatum'' [[Arecaceae]]
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| ''Laetia procera''  
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[[Flacourtiaceae]]
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| ''Astrocaryum alatum''  
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[[Arecaceae]]
 
|-
 
|-
| ''Euterpe macrospadix'' [[Arecaceae]]
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| ''Euterpe macrospadix''  
| ''Goethalsia meiantha'' [[Tiliaceae]]
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[[Arecaceae]]
| ''Goethalsia meiantha'' [[Tiliaceae]]
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| ''Goethalsia meiantha''  
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[[Tiliaceae]]
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| ''Goethalsia meiantha''  
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[[Tiliaceae]]
 
|-
 
|-
| ''Protium glabrum'' [[Burseraceae]]
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| ''Protium glabrum''  
| ''Dendropanax arboreus'' [[Araliaceae]]
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[[Burseraceae]]
| ''Apieba membranacea'' [[Tiliaceae]]
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| ''Dendropanax arboreus''  
 +
[[Araliaceae]]
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| ''Apieba membranacea''  
 +
[[Tiliaceae]]
 
|-
 
|-
| ''Pourouma aspera'' [[Cecropiaceae]]
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| ''Pourouma aspera''  
| ''Dipteryx panamensis'' [[Fabaceae: Papilionoideae]]
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[[Cecropiaceae]]
| ''Colubrina spinosa'' Rhamnaceae
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| ''Dipteryx panamensis''  
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[[Fabaceae: Papilionoideae]]
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| ''Colubrina spinosa''  
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Rhamnaceae
 
|-
 
|-
| ''Virola sebifera'' [[Myristicaceae]]
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| ''Virola sebifera''  
| ''Casearia arborea'' [[Flacourtiaceae]]
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[[Myristicaceae]]
| ''Protium panamense'' [[Burseraceae]]
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| ''Casearia arborea''  
 +
[[Flacourtiaceae]]
 +
| ''Protium panamense''  
 +
[[Burseraceae]]
 
|}
 
|}
  
  
 
{{Returntohome}}
 
{{Returntohome}}
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[[Category:RainforestPlants]]
 
[[Category:RainforestPlants]]

Latest revision as of 17:55, 11 November 2009

How to Examine a PlantPlant Family ListKey to Plant FamiliesTop Ten ListsThe MatrixNavigation Bar.jpg
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Students new to tropical biology will not know which families, genera, or species of plants they will be most likely to encounter in the forest. These lists are intended to help shed light on these mysteries. The lists are taken from Hartshorn & Hammel (1994) “Vegetation Types and Floristic Patterns” in McDade et al eds La Selva: Ecology and Natural History of a Neotropical Rain Forest. The data were generated largely from long-term monitoring by Gary Hartshorn and colleagues of permanent plots located in several locations at the La Selva forest.


Top Ten Lists are provided for Flowering Plant Families, Genera, Trees, and Forest Trees.


Top Ten Families

Flowering plant families containing the most species.

The bamboo orchid, Arundina graminifolia, of family Orchidaceae
Family Species
Orchidaceae 114
Araceae 99
Rubiaceae 99
Fabaceae 80
Melastomataceae 77
Piperaceae 64
Poaceae 63
Asteraceae 48
Euphorbiaceae 42
Moraceae 31


Top Ten Genera

Flowering plant genera containing the most species

Piper sancti-felicis (Piperaceae).
Genus Species
Piper (Piperaceae) 44
Psychotria (Rubiaceae) 39
Philodendron (Araceae) 33
Anthurium (Araceae) 25
Miconia (Melastomataceae) 25
Inga (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) 19
Ficus (Moraceae) 17
Peperomia (Piperaceae) 17
Calathea (Marantaceae) 16
Epidendrum (Orchidaceae) 15


Top Ten Tree Families

Families containing the most number of tree species.

Bauhinia lianas at La Selva (Fabaceae).
Family Species
Fabaceae 41
Lauraceae 24
Rubiaceae 22
Euphorbiaceae 18
Annonaceae 16
Melastomataceae 15
Arecaceae 13
Moraceae 13
Meliaceae 10
Sapotaceae 9


Primary Forest Trees

The three major primary forest landscapes at La Selva are rolling terrain (on residual soils formed by erosion of volcanic rock), old terrace (on alluvial soils deposited long ago on the floodplains of the major rivers), and swamp.


Primary Forest on Rolling Terrain Primary Forest on Old Terrace Primary Swamp Forest
Pentaclethra macroloba

Fabaceae: Mimosoideae

Pentaclethra macroloba

Fabaceae: Mimosoideae

Pentaclethra macroloba

Fabaceae: Mimosoideae

Socratea exorrhiza

Arecaceae

Welfia georgii

Arecaceae

Carapa nicaraguensis

Meliaceae

Welfia georgii

Arecaceae

Socratea exorrhiza

Arecaceae

Irartea deltoidea

Arecaceae

Irartea deltoidea

Arecaceae

Protium panamense

Burseraceae

Pterocarpus officinalis

Fabaceae: Papilionoideae

Protium pitteri

Burseraceae

Warscewiczia coccinea

Rubiaceae

Welfia georgii

Arecaceae

Warscewiczia coccinea

Rubiaceae

Laetia procera

Flacourtiaceae

Astrocaryum alatum

Arecaceae

Euterpe macrospadix

Arecaceae

Goethalsia meiantha

Tiliaceae

Goethalsia meiantha

Tiliaceae

Protium glabrum

Burseraceae

Dendropanax arboreus

Araliaceae

Apieba membranacea

Tiliaceae

Pourouma aspera

Cecropiaceae

Dipteryx panamensis

Fabaceae: Papilionoideae

Colubrina spinosa

Rhamnaceae

Virola sebifera

Myristicaceae

Casearia arborea

Flacourtiaceae

Protium panamense

Burseraceae


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How to Examine a PlantPlant Family ListKey to Plant FamiliesTop Ten ListsThe MatrixNavigation Bar.jpg